Gardening tips for the month..................
January gardening jobs.........Plant fruit trees if not too wet.
Prepare vegetable plot for brassicas, add lime in case of club root.
Check stored flower bulbs.
February gardening jobs......
Clean watering cans and water butts.
Plant dormant crowns of lily-on the valley, in light shade.
weed around the base of trees and pull off any suckers.
Mow the grass if it is mild and dry, but keep off in freezing weather.
Plant out pots of spring bulbs in mild weather.
Some types of broad beans can be sown outdoors in February, to produce an early crop and resist blackfly.
March gardening jobs-------
Prune bush and climbing roses, cut back dead or weak growth.
Lightly thin shrub types, hybrid tea roses can be cut back quite close to the ground.
Hoe or remove weeds before they get out of control.
Plant lily bulbs in large pots.
Fill gaps in garden or on the patio with pot grown roses and other shrubs.
Cover new young plants if frosts are still forecast, and protect from slugs.
Plant onion sets and potatoes.
Sow beetroot, carrots, lettuce, peas and any other veg suitable for sowing at this time. (check information on seed packets).
Mow the lawn on a dry day. Apply lawn fertilizer end of March to promote growth.
April gardening jobs........
Divide orchids to make more plants
Harden off plants grown in the greenhouse
Place supports in herbaceous beds now, so plants can grow through them
Set up protection against carrot root fly for carrots sown at end of the month
Prune figs, wear gloves to stop sap getting on your skin
May gardening jobs......... -
Keep weeds under control especially at this time when weeds are small and easy to lift, as soil is still fairly damp.
Secure climbing roses with ties before there is too much growth, also feed roses and shrubs.
Dead head daffodils and narcissi, but don't cut off the leaves. Plus keep deadheading spring bedding.
Use an acid fertiliser on your acid loving plants
refrain from cutting spring bulb foliage for 5 to 6 weeks after flowering
mulching on borders helps keep weeds at bay (mulch depth between 5 and 10cm)
June gardening jobs.....
Let daffodil foliage die down naturally. Use a liquid fertiliser on spring bulbs after flowering.
Supports are a good idea for tall herbaceous plants. Hoe borders to stop weeds from spreading.
Start cutting lawn regularly. Clean and maintain your garden machinery.
Container plants need liquid feed every two to three weeks.
Watch out for the usual garden pests.
July gardening jobs.........
Check your early potatoes, if they are flowering now, carefully feel round to see if you have a reasonably sized crop.
Harvest salad crops
Keep a look out for lily beetle, if you have lilies flowering now.
Some plants are susceptible to white powdery mildew, remove affected leaves or us a fungicide.
Dead head your roses to keep them blooming.
Mow your lawn regularly, give it a summer feed if not done in Spring.
Keep on top of border weeding
August gardening jobs.................
Watering: do this in the morning when evaporation is low.
Watch out for powdery mildew as it can be a problem during long spells of dry weather.
Give your plants a liquid feed. They will thank you for it. Dead head hanging baskets to keep them going.
Prune back early summer flowering shrubs such as Mock Orange, after flowering is over. Cut back Salvias, delphiniums and geraniums to encourage a second flush. Lavenders and Hebes can be lightly pruned after flowering
Paint sheds and fences whilst we still have dry weather.
Clean patios to get rid of moss algae and weeds before winter to avoid slippery surfaces.
September gardening jobs........
Plant spring flowering bulbs such as daffodils and tulips.
Cover brassicas etc., with bird proof netting.
Keep feeding, deadheading and watering hanging baskets.
Clear garden of leaves and use for compost. Dispose/destroy any diseased leaves.
Mow the lawn less frequently and raise height of the cut. If necessary scarify, aerate and apply an autumn lawn feed.
Think about fitting a water butt to a down pipe as rainwater is more beneficial to certain plants (indoor or outdoor).
Clean and store, or protect outdoor furniture.
Start planting autumn flowering bulbs ie autumn crocus, nerines.
October gardening jobs...............
Clear up leaves - especially to avoid spreading disease to plants.
Harvest apples and pears.
May be last chance to mow lawns and trim hedges in mild areas (some evergreens don't like being trimmed this time of year).
Prune climbing roses. If bush roses have finished flowering you may need to give a light prune to prevent wind rock.
The ground is still warm enough to plant a hedge. Mix plenty of organic matter in the soil, apply some fertilizer to get them started.
Why not leave one border un-touched? So that birds can pick at any seadheads etc.,
Sow new lawns, and it is also a good time to maintain existing lawns, use a mixed feed, weed and mosskill product. Follow the instructions carefully, use gloves with chemicals. The feed with green up the grass, the weeds will be suppressed, any moss will turn black and a wire tine rake can be used to remove the dead moss. Bare patches can be reseeded, do not forget to water if it has not rained.
If you have a petrol mower use fresh fuel at the start of the cutting season.
November gardening jobs..........
Shred leaves with a mower or shredder to make leaf mould for the garden.
Protect outdoor taps and turn off the water supply to these if possible.
Still time to plant tulip bulbs ready for spring flowering next year.
Protect fruit trees from winter moth by using grease bands around the trunk.
Use frost fleece or bubble wrap to protect plants in outdoor containers.
Check garden fencing, posts etc., and make sure they are firmly fixed before winter winds cause damage.
December gardening jobs.........
Check greenhouse heater is working properly.
Prevent ponds and pipes from freezing.
Deciduous trees/shrubs can be planted in December.
Plan alterations and improvements to garden beds.
Bring indoors any non hardy plants.
Protect stored goods from rodents.
Clean pots/trays before storing to avoid problems with pests overwintering.